Luftkrieg über Europa 1939–1945, die Angst im Nacken (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag, 2009. ISBN 978-3-613-03084-8. Further reading Beale, Nick, Ferdinando D’Amico and Gabriele Valentini. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, 2003. ISBN 0-7858-1696-8. Kobel, Franz and Jakob Maria Mathmann. Bf 109. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1997. ISBN 0-88740-919-9. Mankau, Heinz and Peter Petrick. Steppers for IC and LCD fabrication This section is empty. Messerschmitt Bf 109 F, G & K Series: An Illustrated Study. This leads to a large number of models, all belonging to the same family, but possibly incompatible to some degree, and also makes it difficult to ascertain whether a device is unique or part of an existing family. Retrieved: 2 January 2010. ^ Ebert, Hans J.; Johann B., Kaiser; Peters, Klaus (1992). Willy Messerschmitt – Pionier der Luftfahrt und des Leichtbaues: eine Biographie.
The FD lens mount standard replaced FL-mounts in 1971. FD-mount SLR Canon developed and produced the Canon FD lens mount standard for film SLR cameras from 1971 to replace the FL lens mount standard. This kept the wings very thin and light. German Aircraft and Armament: Informational Intelligence, Summary No. 44–32, October 1944 (Informational Intelligence Summary). New York: Brassey’s Inc., 2000 (first edition 1944). ISBN 1-57488-291-0. Valtonen, Hannu. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991. ISBN 0-8041-1050-6. Craig, James F. The Messerschmitt Bf.109. New York: Arco Publishing Company, 1968. Cross, Roy and Gerald Scarborough. Without Wings: The Story of Hitler’s Aircraft Carrier. During the Battle of Britain, it was pressed into the role of escort fighter, a role for which it was not originally designed, and it was widely employed as a fighter-bomber as well as a photo-reconnaissance platform.
Our propeller system, with variable pitch was hydraulic, making it impossible to change pitch without engine running. If, God forbid, you turned off the engine at high pitch, it was impossible to turn the propeller and was very hard to start the engine again. All Messerschmitt aircraft that originated after that date, such as the Me 210, were to carry the «Me» designation. Another example of the Bf 109’s advanced design was the use of a single, I-beam main spar in the wing, positioned more aft than usual (to give enough room for the retracted wheel), thus forming a stiff D-shaped torsion box.